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Contents

  1. Debit Side Vs Credit Side
  2. How to make Journal Entries in Accounting [Examples]
  3. Preparation Of Journal Entries
  4. Preparing Journal Entries

Debit Side Vs Credit Side

Preparing a Balance Sheet Also called a statement of financial position, a balance sheet is a financial snapshot of your business at a given date in time. Tools to Use In the Business Tools area is a sample income statement for your use. Preparing your closing entries is a very simple, mechanical process. Follow these steps: Close the revenue accounts. Prepare one journal entry that debits all the revenue accounts.


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  5. Steps to Prepare a Journal Entry;
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  7. How to Prepare a Journal Entry.

These accounts will have a credit balance in the general ledger prior to the closing entry. Credit an account called "income summary" for the total. Close the expense accounts. Prepare one journal entry that credits all the expense accounts. These accounts will have a debit balance in the general ledger prior to the closing entry.

Debit the income summary account for the total. Transfer the income summary balance to a capital account. Prepare a journal entry that clears out the income summary account. This entry effectively transfers the net income or loss of the business to the owner's equity account. Close the drawing account.

The process of making a journal entry

If your business is a sole proprietorship or partnership, close the drawing accounts if any by preparing a journal entry that credits the drawing account and debits the owner's equity account. Example You have finalized your general ledger and prepared a balance sheet and income statement for the year ended December 31, View Offer. Get Started.

How to make Journal Entries in Accounting [Examples]

When we analyze that transaction, it would show that the accounting effects would be an increase in an asset account Computer Equipment , and a decrease in another asset Cash since we paid for the equipment. We would then increase Computer Equipment by debiting it and decrease Cash by crediting it. The journal entry would be:. If you are not yet familiar with the accounting elements and how each is affected, see our lesson about Fundamental Accounting Concepts here. You will have no trouble as long as you know how to use debits and credits and what accounts to record.

Preparation Of Journal Entries

In the above example, computer equipment is an asset account. To increase an asset account, you debit it. Hence, we debited Computer Equipment.


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  • Cash is also an asset account. However, there is a decrease in cash because we paid for the computer equipment. Total assets increased and decreased by the same amount, but an economic transaction still took place because the cash was essentially transferred into a vehicle. After the business event is identified and analyzed, it can be recorded. Journal entries use debits and credits to record the changes of the accounting equation in the general journal.

    Traditional journal entry format dictates that debited accounts are listed before credited accounts. Each journal entry is also accompanied by the transaction date, title, and description of the event.

    Here is an example of how the vehicle purchase would be recorded. Since there are so many different types of business transactions, accountants usually categorize them and record them in separate journal to help keep track of business events.

    Preparing Journal Entries

    For instance, cash was used to purchase this vehicle, so this transaction would most likely be recorded in the cash disbursements journal. There are numerous other journals like the sales journal, purchases journal, and accounts receivable journal. Here are the events that take place. Entry 6 — PGS has a grand opening and makes it first sale. Pay makes his first payroll payment. Here is an additional list of the most common business transactions and the journal entry examples to go with them.