Fortunately, the monument was restored by National Trust workers soon afterwards, and at least one has the satisfaction of knowing that the White Horse will still be galloping across the Berkshire Downs long after those responsible for the vandalism are laid under the sod. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.
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About the Author Brian Haughton. Related Content Filters: All. The white horse of Uffington, a Bronze Age carving into the chalk Cavalry, although never replacing infantry as the mainstay of the The chariot was a light vehicle, usually on two wheels, drawn by If there was one thing the Roman people loved it was spectacle Vortigern was a 5th-century CE English ruler best known for inviting Help us write more We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.
Remembering the Korean War, 60 years ago - Photos - The Big Picture - amygybokihyd.tk
The Great Courses 08 July Henry Holt and Co. Behold a Pale Horse. Light Technology Publishing 01 December Atlantic Monthly Press 04 June Bibliography James, P. Ancient Mysteries. Ballantine Books, Jennifer. Guild Publishing, Paul Newman. Lost Gods of Albion. The History Press, Rodney Castleden. Ancient Hill Figures of Britain.
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Interesting History 26 June Currently unavailable. These drills were used to perfect the timing and performance of the landing craft. As the landing groups neared, cruisers and destroyers from several UN navies shelled Wolmi-do and checked for mines in Flying Fish Channel. The Fast Carrier Force flew fighter cover, interdiction, and ground attack missions. The attacks tipped off the North Koreans that a landing might be imminent.
The North Korean officer at Wolmi-do assured his superiors that he would throw the enemy back into the sea. The flotilla of ships that landed during the battle was commanded by Arthur Dewey Struble, an expert in amphibious warfare. At am on September 15, , the lead elements of U. One tank was equipped with a flamethrower flame tank and two others had bulldozer blades.
The entire island was captured by noon at the cost of just 14 casualties.
The forces on Green Beach had to wait until p. During this time, extensive shelling and bombing, along with anti-tank mines placed on the only bridge, kept the North Koreans from launching a significant counterattack. The second wave came ashore at "Red Beach" and "Blue Beach. The North Korean army had not been expecting an invasion at Inchon. After the storming of Green Beach, the NKPA assumed probably because of deliberate misinformation by American counter-intelligence that the main invasion would happen at Kunsan.
As a result, only a small force was diverted to Inchon. Even those forces were too late, and they arrived after the UN forces had taken Blue and Red Beaches. The troops already stationed at Inchon had been weakened by Clark's guerrillas, and napalm bombing runs had destroyed key ammunition dumps. In total, ships took part. After neutralizing North Korean defenses, they opened the causeway to Wolmi-Do, allowing the tanks from Green Beach to enter the battle.
Red Beach forces suffered eight dead and 28 wounded. Under the command of Colonel Lewis "Chesty" Puller, the 1st Marine Regiment landing at Blue Beach was significantly south of the other two beaches and reached shore last. Destroyer fire and bombing runs silenced the North Korean defenses. When they finally arrived, the North Korean forces at Inchon had already surrendered, so the Blue Beach forces suffered few casualties and met little opposition. The 1st Marine Regiment spent much of its time strengthening the beachhead and preparing for the inland invasion.
Immediately after North Korean resistance was extinguished in Inchon, the supply and reinforcement process began. Marines constructed a pontoon dock on Green Beach and cleared debris from the water. The dock was then used to unload the remainder of the LSTs. Documents written by North Korean leader Kim Il Sung and recovered by UN troops soon after the landing said, "The original plan was to end the war in a month, we could not stamp out four American divisions… We were taken by surprise when United Nations troops and the American Air Force and Navy moved in.
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On September 16, the North Koreans, realizing their blunder, sent six columns of T tanks to the beachhead. The air strike damaged or destroyed half of the tank column and lost one plane. A quick counter-attack by M26 Pershing tanks destroyed the remainder of the North Korean armored division and cleared the way for the capture of Inchon. On September 19, the U. Army Corps of Engineers repaired the local railroad up to eight miles 13 km inland.
The Kimpo airstrip was captured, and transport planes began flying in gasoline and ordnance for the aircraft stationed at Inchon.
A War Horse Earns Her Sergeant’s Stripes: 1953
The Marines continued unloading supplies and reinforcements. By September 22, they had unloaded 6, vehicles and 53, troops, along with 25, tons 23, tonnes of supplies. In contrast to the quick victory at Inchon, the advance on Seoul was slow and bloody. The NKPA launched another T attack, which was trapped and destroyed, and a Yak bombing run in Inchon harbor, which did little damage. Though warned that the process of taking Seoul would allow remaining NKPA forces in the south to escape, MacArthur felt that he was bound to honor promises given to the South Korean government to retake the capital as soon as possible.
On the second day, vessels carrying the U. Army's 7th Infantry Division arrived in Inchon Harbor. General Edward "Ned" Almond was eager to get the division into position to block a possible enemy movement from the south of Seoul. On the morning of September 18, the division's 2nd Battalion of the 32nd Infantry Regiment landed at Inchon and the remainder of the regiment went ashore later in the day.
The next morning, the 2nd Battalion moved up to relieve a U. Marine battalion occupying positions on the right flank south of Seoul. Meanwhile, the 7th Division's 31st Regiment came ashore at Inchon.
Responsibility for the zone south of Seoul highway passed to 7th Division at pm on September The 7th Infantry Division then engaged in heavy fighting on the outskirts of Seoul. Before the battle, North Korea had just one understrength division in the city, with the majority of its forces south of the capital.
It was Almond's goal to take Seoul on September 25, exactly three months after the beginning of the war. On September 22, the Marines entered Seoul to find it heavily fortified. Casualties mounted as the forces engaged in desperate house-to-house fighting. Anxious to pronounce the conquest of Seoul, Almond declared the city liberated on September 25 despite the fact that Marines were still engaged in house-to-house combat gunfire and artillery could still be heard in the northern suburbs. However, because UN forces had concentrated on taking Seoul rather than cutting off the NKPA's withdrawal north, the remaining 30, North Korean soldiers escaped to the north across the Yalu River, where they were soon reconstituted as a cadre for the formation of new NKPA divisions hastily re-equipped by the Soviet Union.
The allied assault continued north to the Yalu River until the intervention of the People's Republic of China in the war.
The Battle of Inchon was the subject of the movie, Inchon, featuring Sir Laurence Olivier , although it did poorly critically and at the box office amid controversy over it being financed by a company, One Way Productions, affiliated with Unification Church leader Rev. Sun Myung Moon. A companion novel, Oh, Inchon! The W. Griffin novel, Under Fire, gives a fictionalized account of the political and personal maneuvering that occurred during MacArthur's development of the Inchon invasion plan.