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History Press. BBC News. Retrieved 5 September Schachner, Thomas ed. Casebook: Jack the Ripper. Retrieved 31 August Washington Post. Huffington Post. Oath Inc. The Sun.
Retrieved February 22, Daily Mail. Jack the Ripper. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The inscription on the silver salver, which accompanied the service, recorded the fact that for thirty years Mr. Abberline had been engaged in the honorable service of that department of our system which had for its object the detection of crime. He thought that if he were to attempt to tell them of all the exploits in which Mr.
Abberline had been engaged during that time, he should have to ask them to stay for another thirty years while he recounted them. The profession in which their distinguished guest of that evening had been engaged was one of a very honorable character, and he who carried out the duties connected with it in the honorable way which had been done by Mr.
Abberline, was a man of whom not only they, but society at large, might be proud. The British individual, as a rule, was a great grumbler. He knew that ever since he had seen the light - and it was, he presumed, very much the same before he did - his experience had been that John Bull was a great grumbler, not only against his country in general, but also against all the institutions of his country. In his grumbling he had not failed to grumble also at the department of the police service relating to the detection of crime. John Bull had either heard, or read, or been told, that they managed this business very much better in other countries, and compared our system - very much to its disadvantage - with what he chose to call the admirable systems of France, Russia, Germany, and America.
But, for all that, he knew perfectly well that what they did in those countries under the authority of the police would not for a single hour be tolerated in free England.
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The detection of crime in some of the countries to which he had alluded was easy, and when one heard of some very great feat performed by the detective departments in those parts, they knew as a matter of fact that there had been very little trouble at all about the detection and arrest of the criminal. The ramifications of crime here were very minute, and very difficult to detect and the service often got very little credit for the most difficult and daring undertakings.
He would say nothing - because it would take up too much of their time - about what Mr. Abberline had done in the course of his honoured career. He need only mention Cunningham and Burton, and barely allude to what occurred on board a certain Channel boat, and a bare allusion to those matters was quite sufficient to remind them of some of the matters in which Mr. Abberline had been engaged. They were all, he was sure, glad and proud to be there that evening to ask his acceptance of that testimonial. It would enable him in future to look back upon what he was sure would be one of the most pleasant evenings in his life.
The termination of his official career, which had been one of the most adventurous character, must be gratifying, not only to himself, but to all who where gathered there that evening, because they had now Mr. Abberline entirely amongst them - he would not say full of years, for he was comparatively young as yet, but certainly full of honour. When, in after years, Mr.
Abberline looked upon that presentation, he would, he was persuaded, remember that it was a proof of the high regard in which he was held by all with whom he came in contact, and, on their part, those who came after him would also remember, when they looked at it, that it was given in recognition of the services of a man of whom the country had every reason to be proud. The speaker concluded by asking Mr.
Abberline, late Chief Inspector of the Criminal Investigation Department, Scotland Yard, on his retirement from the police force after a service of nearly thirty years, by a few friends, as a mark of their esteem and regard, and in appreciation of his services as a police officer, and the rectitude of character and gentlemanly bearing exhibited by him on all occasions. Signed on behalf of the Committee J.
McDonald, Hon. Secretary, June 8th, The presentation was accomplished amid the greatest enthusiasm, and the toast of Mr. Abberline's health was cordially honoured. Replying, Mr. Abberline, who was again received with enthusiasm, expressed his high appreciation of the great kindness which had been shown him that evening, and, indeed, in so many quarters, since he had retired from the police force.
He was deeply sensible of the great compliment which had been paid him by the presentation of that testimonial, and he took that opportunity to express to all who had been engaged in its promotion, his heartiest thanks. He was especially glad to see so many of his old colleagues rally round him that evening to bid him an official good-bye. He could only hope that he would merit their esteem and retain their friendship. He would retain very pleasant recollections of his services in East London. He was fully convinced that any man who did his duty in the East End honourably, honestly, and fearlessly, would find no more ardent supporters and no truer friends than were to be found there.
Nor was there in all London any quarter that interested itself more largely in the cause of charity than did the East End. As a proof of that, he need only refer to the large number of charitable societies with which his friend Mr. McDonald was associated, and he could only trust that in due time his services in that direction would be rewarded as they so richly deserved to be.
He thanked them again sincerely, and assured them that he would always remember the many happy evenings he had spent in East London, and the very great kindness he had met from everybody there. Loud cheers. The Chairman, in proposing the toast of "The Metropolitan Police," mentioned the fact that they now numbered over fifteen thousand men, and spoke of their services in the direction of protecting life and limb and property in terms of the warmest praise.
Superintendent Arnold , of the H Division, in replying, took the gathering of that night to prove how greatly the services of the police were appreciated in East London. For several years Mr. Abberline had served under him in the H Division, and he assured them that he had found no better officer in the service. In losing him he felt that he was losing his right hand, and that he would have the utmost difficulty in replacing him.
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He felt bound to tell them, however, that when he was in trouble - as he was during the continuance of the Whitechapel crimes - Mr. Abberline came down to the East End and gave the whole of his time with the object of bringing these crimes to light. Unfortunately, however, the circumstances were such that success was impossible, but he could assure them that it was through no fault of Mr.
Abberline's that they did not succeed.
With regard to himself, he could only say that for 37 years he had served in the police force, both in the East and West End of London, and that he had never received heartier or better support than he had found among the people of East London. Superintendents Shore and Butcher also responded, both of them taking the opportunity to speak in warm terms of the services of Mr.
Kearsey proposed "The Health of the Committee" in a characteristically genial and appropriate speech, adding that if longer time had been given, and the appeal had been more extended, not one, but several testimonials could have been obtained for Mr. Abberline, so generally and even universally respected was he. McDonald, as one who had for 19 years been a comrade of Mr. Abberline's, expressed, in replying, his pleasure at the successful issue of that presentation Following his retirement, Abberline went to work as a private investigator, albeit, as the following story illustrates, he could always be relied on to come to the assistance of any police officers who found themselves in jeopardy.
On Saturday, June 5th, , Chief Inspector Jarvis, of Scotland Yard, assisted by Inspector Turrell and Sergeant Williamson, believed they had traced several members of the gang responsible to a public house, in Bateman-street, Soho, London, and they duly moved in to apprehend the suspects.
Chief Inspector Jarvis and his colleagues at once rushed into the tavern, seized their men, and hurried them out of the place and into a four-wheeled cab before they had recovered from their surprise. Before, however, the cab could drive off cries of "Chivey them" were raised, and in a moment a mob of men began to attack the cab. So numerous were the assailants that, by force of weight, they nearly overturned the cab, smashing the doors and windows, and forcing the detectives and their prisoners out on the pavement.
At this moment, the struggle attracted the attention of Mr. Abberline, a Scotland Yard inspector, recently retired on a pension, and he promptly went to the assistance of the detectives, and rendered effective help, though he was badly knocked about in doing it. By this time, the detectives were struggling with upwards of a hundred men. The fight was an unequal one, as the detectives were not armed, and ultimately one of the prisoners was rescued.
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The second man was finally got out of the crowd and taken to the police-station. A telegram to Sunderland brought Inspector Burdy from that town to London, and last evening he started north with the prisoner. The man who escaped is an ex-convict of powerful physique, and the police hope to recapture him before long. Chief Inspector Jarvis and the other detectives engaged in the capture were all badly bruised and strained in the struggle.
Inspector Turrell also injured his shoulder, Sergeant Williamson was kicked in the body, and Mr. Abberline, who arrived so opportunely on the scene, was severely mauled. Abberline, on the whole, remained tight-lipped about any theories he may have had concerning the identity of Jack the Ripper. However, following the conviction of George Chapman , for wife-poisoning, in , there were suggestions in the newspapers that Chapman may have been responsible for the Whitechapel murders, and a reporter from Pall Mall Gazette , approached Abberline at his residence in Clapham Road, London, to seek his opinion on the claims.
I had just commenced, not knowing anything about the report in the newspaper, to write to the Assistant Commissioner of Police, Mr. Macnaghten, to say how strongly I was impressed with the opinion that 'Chapman' was also the author of the Whitechapel murders. Your appearance saves me the trouble. I intended to write on Friday, but a fall in the garden, injuring my hand and shoulder, prevented my doing so until today. Abberline had already covered a page and a half of foolscap, and was surrounded with a sheaf of documents and newspaper cuttings dealing with the ghastly outrages of Since then the idea has taken full possession of me, and everything fits in and dovetails so well that I cannot help feeling that this is the man we struggled so hard to capture fifteen years ago.
I had for fourteen years previously been an inspector of police in Whitechapel, but when the murders began I was at the Central Office at Scotland Yard. On the application of Superintendent Arnold I went back to the East End, just before Annie Chapman was found mutilated, and as chief of the detective corps I gave myself up to the study of the cases. Many a time, even after we had carried our inquiries as far as we could - and we made out no fewer than 1, sets of papers respecting our investigations - instead of going home when I was off duty, I used to patrol the district until four or five o'clock in the morning, and, while keeping my eyes wide open for clues of any kind, have many and many a time given those wretched, homeless women, who were Jack the Ripper's special prey, fourpence or sixpence for a shelter to get them away from the streets and out of harm's way.
For instance, the date of the arrival in England coincides with the beginning of the series of murders in Whitechapel; there is a coincidence also in the fact that the murders ceased in London when 'Chapman' went to America, while similar murders began to be perpetrated in America after he landed there.
The fact that he studied medicine and surgery in Russia before he came here is well established, and it is curious to note that the first series of murders was the work of an expert surgeon, while the recent poisoning cases were proved to be done by a man with more than an elementary knowledge of medicine. The story told by 'Chapman's' wife of the attempt to murder her with a long knife while in America is not to be ignored, but something else with regard to America is still more remarkable.
While the coroner was investigating one of the Whitechapel murders he told the jury a very queer story. You will remember that Dr. Phillips, the divisional surgeon, who made the post-mortem examination, not only spoke of the skillfulness with which the knife had been used, but stated that there was overwhelming evidence to show that the criminal had so mutilated the body that he could possess himself of one of the organs. The coroner, in commenting on this, said that he had been told by the sub-curator of the pathological museum connected with one of the great medical schools that some few months before an American had called upon him and asked him to procure a number of specimens.
Although the strange visitor was told that his wish was impossible of fulfillment, he still urged his request.
It was known that the request was repeated at another institution of a similar character in London. The coroner at the time said:- "Is it not possible that a knowledge of this demand may have inspired some abandoned wretch to possess himself of the specimens? It seems beyond belief that such inhuman wickedness could enter into the mind of any man; but, unfortunately, our criminal annals prove that every crime is possible!
Abberline pointed out, "that after the Whitechapel horrors America should have been the place where a similar kind of murder began, as though the miscreant had not fully supplied the demand of the American agent. The fact that Klosowski when he came to reside in this country occupied a lodging in George Yard, Whitechapel Road, where the first murder was committed, is very curious, and the height of the man and the peaked cap he is said to have worn quite tallies with the descriptions I got of him.
All agree, too, that he was a foreign-looking man, - but that, of course, helped us little in a district so full of foreigners as Whitechapel. One discrepancy only have I noted, and this is that the people who alleged that they saw Jack the Ripper at one time or another, state that he was a man about thirty-five or forty years of age. They, however, state that they only saw his back, and it is easy to misjudge age from a back view. Altogether Mr. Abberline considers that the matter is quite beyond abstract speculation and coincidence, and believes the present situation affords an opportunity of unravelling a web of crime such as no man living can appreciate in its extent and hideousness.
On the following Sunday, George R. Sims, writing under his pseudonym of "Dagonet" in The Referee , dismissed Abberline's theory The Pall Mall Gazette , reporter paid a return visit to Abberline, who was only too willing to dismiss Sims's complaints one by one. Since the Pall Mall Gazette a few days ago gave a series of coincidences supporting the theory that Klosowski, or Chapman, as he was for some time called, was the perpetrator of the "Jack the Ripper" murders in Whitechapel fifteen years ago, it has been interesting to note how many amateur criminologists have come forward with statements to the effect that it is useless to attempt to link Chapman with the Whitechapel atrocities.
This cannot possibly be the same man, it is said, because, first of all, Chapman is not the miscreant who could have done the previous deeds, and, secondly, it is contended that the Whitechapel murderer has long been known to be beyond the reach of earthly justice. In order, if possible, to clear the ground with respect to the latter statement particularly, a representative of the Pall Mall Gazette again called on Mr.
Abberline, formerly Chief Detective Inspector of Scotland Yard, yesterday, and elicited the following statement from him Abberline, "that Scotland Yard is really no wiser on the subject than it was fifteen years ago. I am, and always have been, in the closest touch with Scotland Yard, and it would have been next to impossible for me not to have known all about it. Besides, the authorities would have been only too glad to make an end of such a mystery, if only for their own credit.
To convince those who have any doubts on the point, Mr. Abberline produced recent documentary evidence which put the ignorance of Scotland Yard as to the perpetrator beyond the shadow of a doubt. Our representative called Mr. Abberline's attention to a statement made in a well-known Sunday paper, in which it was made out that the author was a young medical student who was found drowned in the Thames.
Abberline, "I know all about that story. But what does it amount to? Simply this. Soon after the last murder in Whitechapel the body of a young doctor was found in the Thames, but there is absolutely nothing beyond the fact that he was found at that time to incriminate him. A report was made to the Home Office about the matter, but that it was 'considered final and conclusive' is going altogether beyond the truth. Seeing that the same kind of murders began in America afterwards, there is much more reason to think the man emigrated.
Then again, the fact that several months after December, , when the student's body was found, the detectives were told still to hold themselves in readiness for further investigations seems to point to the conclusion that Scotland Yard did not in any way consider the evidence as final. Neill Cream? A circumstantial story is told of how he confessed on the scaffold - at least, he is said to have got as far as "I am Jack --" when the jerk of the rope cut short his remarks.
No; the identity of the diabolical individual has yet to be established, notwithstanding the people who have produced these rumors and who pretend to know the state of the official mind. A man who could watch his wives being slowly tortured to death by poison, as he did, was capable of anything; and the fact that he should have attempted, in such a cold- blooded manner to murder his first wife with a knife in New Jersey, makes one more inclined to believe in the theory that he was mixed up in the two series of crimes.
What, indeed, is more likely than that a man to some extent skilled in medicine and surgery should discontinue the use of a knife when his commission - and I still believe Chapman had a commission from America - came to an end, and then for the remainder of his ghastly deeds put into practice his knowledge of poisons? Indeed, if the theory be accepted that a man who takes life on a wholesale scale never ceases his accursed habit until he is either arrested or dies, there is much to be said for Chapman's consistency. You see, incentive changes; but the fiendishness is not eradicated.
The victims, too, you will notice, continue to be women; but they are of different classes, and obviously call for different methods of despatch The Jack the Ripper A to Z. Headline Book Publishing Plc. Richard Jones. Uncovering Jack The Ripper's London.