Odin, of course, is the most well known of these. The Tree and the Well seem to be crucial to this process. Sacrifices to Odin, human and animal, were reportedly hanged in trees.
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Thor is also connected to trees. As Tacitus noted early on in his Germania , the Germans venerated sacred trees and worshiped in sacred groves.
The World Tree - The Soul of Bones
Finally, Heimdall has some interesting associations with the World Tree. Indeed, some scholars suggest that Heimdall is the World Tree, or rather, he is a personification of the universe as a whole and thus equivalent to the Tree as cosmic matrix. Heimdall is believed to be Rig, described in the Rigsthula as having fathered the three classes of man. This is an interesting notion if we consider Heimdall to be equivalent to the World Tree, and hence the fabric of the universe, as it would be another reference to humans and trees being made of the same material.
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His role as watchman and guardian recalls the role of the guardian tree. Ymir and Heimdall could also be connected through sound. Ymir may represent the first sound, a sort of primal resounding scream at the beginning of creation. The Mead Tree Finally, mention must be made of the connection between the World Tree and sacred, intoxicating drink. The Tree is depicted as dripping dew in several Eddic poems. Since the World Tree is often depicted as an ash tree, the aurr and dew of Yggdrasil may refer to ash tree manna.
This will be explored further in a post on precious mead and other sacred drinks. References and Further Reading: Andren, A.
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Tracing Old Norse cosmology: the world tree, middle earth, and the sun in archaeological perspectives. Nordic Academic Press. Cusack, C. The sacred tree: ancient and medieval manifestations. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Dumont, D. Mankind Quarterly, 32 4 , Eliade, M. The sacred and the profane: the nature of religion. Kindle version. Retrieved from Amazon. Gilmore, A. Scandinavian-Canadian Studies 23 , In Wikipedia. Kvilhaug, M. The seed of Yggdrasill: deciphering hidden messages in the Old Norse myths.
Helsinge: Whyte Tracks. Lacharity, E. Tree Cults in Frankish Heathenism. Odroerir: The Heathen Journal 2 , Larrington, C. The Poetic Edda.
The Measure of the Cosmos
Recent research into the conceptual background of the Icelandic Sagas revealed a prehistoric "image of creation" marked in the land by Iceland's 9th century settlers with exquisite geometric and mathematical precision. The principal reference points of the measure involved were the motions of the stars and the cardinal directions.
The Measure of the Cosmos: Deciphering the imagery of Icelandic myth
In fact, mans image of creation was a projection on the terrain of the Zodiac, anchored to prominent landmarks on the ground and the sun's annual path around it. It was at once sacred and a practical sun watch. The ancient approach is a yardstick, which applies not only to the ancient sun watch in Iceland, Steinkross products establish that the like reference frame was used in antiquity in all parts of the globe.
The ideas we will outline are the mature product of over 30 years of research bringing to light a "blueprint" up on which cultural areas were built. Thus; Jelling, Denmark - St. See All Customer Reviews.