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  1. Jonah 1 - Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, … |
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  4. 10 Great Lessons from the Book of Jonah

One of the sayings of Muhammad, in the collection of Imam Bukhari , says that Muhammad said "One should not say that I am better than Jonah". The ninth-century Persian historian Al-Tabari records that, while Jonah was inside the fish, "none of his bones or members were injured". Nineveh 's current location is marked by excavations of five gates, parts of walls on four sides, and two large mounds: the hill of Kuyunjik and hill of Nabi Yunus see map link in footnote.

The consensus of mainstream Biblical scholars holds that the contents of the Book of Jonah are entirely ahistorical. While the Book of Jonah itself is considered fiction, [81] [82] [3] Jonah himself may have been a historical prophet; [89] he is briefly mentioned in the Second Book of Kings : [90] [3]. He restored the border of Israel from the entrance of Hamath unto the sea of the Arabah , according to the word of the LORD , the God of Israel , which He spoke by the hand of His servant Jonah the son of Amittai , the prophet, who was of Gath-hepher.

Jonah 1 - Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the son of Amittai, … |

Most scholars believe that the anonymous author of the Book of Jonah may have seized upon this obscure prophet from 2 Kings and used him as the basis for the fictional character of Jonah, [91] but some have contended that the figure of Jonah himself is entirely legendary. The views expressed by Jonah in the Book of Jonah are a parody of views held by members of Jewish society at the time when it was written. Jonah's rejection of God's commands is a parody of the obedience of the prophets described in other Old Testament writings. The Book of Jonah also employs elements of literary absurdism ; [21] it exaggerates the size of the city of Nineveh to an implausible degree [1] [21] and incorrectly refers to the administrator of the city as a "king".

Though it is often called a whale today, the Hebrew, as throughout scripture, refers to no species in particular, simply saying "great fish" or "big fish" whales are today classified as mammals and not fish, but no such distinction was made in antiquity. While some biblical scholars suggest the size and habits of the great white shark correspond better to the representations given of Jonah's being swallowed, normally an adult human is too large to be swallowed whole. The development of whaling from the 18th century onwards made it clear that most, if not all, species of whale were incapable of swallowing a man, leading to much controversy about the veracity of the biblical story of Jonah.

At some point cetus became synonymous with "whale" the study of whales is now called cetology. Tyndale's translation was later incorporated into the Authorized Version of Since then, the "great fish" in Jonah 2 has been most often interpreted as a whale.

In English some translations use the word "whale" for Matthew , while others use "sea creature" or "big fish". In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, naturalists , interpreting the Jonah story as a historical account, became obsessed with trying to identify the exact species of the fish that swallowed Jonah. The largest whales— baleen whales , a group which includes the blue whale —eat plankton and "it is commonly said that this species would be choked if it attempted to swallow a herring. Gudger, an Honorary Associate in Ichthyology at the American Museum of Natural History , notes that, while the whale shark does have a large mouth, [] its throat is only four inches wide, with a sharp elbow or bend behind the opening, [] meaning that not even a human arm would be able to pass through it.

In Turkish, "Jonah fish" in Turkish yunus baligi is the term used for dolphins. Despite its brevity, the Book of Jonah has been adapted numerous times in literature and in popular culture. Mapple asks why Jonah does not show remorse for disobeying God while he is inside of the fish. He comes to the conclusion that Jonah admirably understands that "his dreadful punishment is just.

In the film, Jonah is swallowed by a gargantuan whale. Joseph Campbell suggests that the story of Jonah parallels a scene from the Epic of Gilgamesh , in which Gilgamesh obtains a plant from the bottom of the sea. Campbell also noted several similarities between the story of Jonah and that of Jason in Greek mythology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Biblical and Quranic prophet. This article is about the biblical figure.

For other uses, see Jonah disambiguation. Jonah, as depicted by Michelangelo on the Sistine Chapel ceiling. See also: Jonah in rabbinic literature. Oh Jonah! Prophets in the Quran. Listed by Islamic name and Biblical name. Main events. Stories of the Prophets The Three Messengers. Jews, Christians and Muslims prophets Abrahamic prophets.

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Westminster, Maryland : Newman Bookshop. Orthodox Church in America. Retrieved 13 March Syriac Orthodox Resources. Retrieved 12 March Concordia and Koinonia. Archived from the original on Retrieved Al Arabiya. Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 28 July Oxford University Press.

Blue Letter Bible. Archived from the original on 11 September Retrieved 24 August Bible Hub. Word Pictures in the New Testament — Matthew. Reading the Bible with Giants. Second Edition 2 ed. Eugene, Oregon : Wipf and Stock Publishers. What is interesting How Did God Do It? English Wikipedia has an article on: Yunus surah.

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Biblical: a book of the Old Testament. The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions.

Jonah’s Menus

See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout Translations. The fallacy of this ill-conceived argument lies in the fact that both the Hebrew word dag , and the Greek word ketos , are generic terms that can apply to any aquatic creature cf. ASV fn. There is no error here. The book of Jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the Almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan.


The Lord controlled the elements of weather Jon. Though Jehovah was working primarily through the Hebrew nation as an instrument for the sending of the promised Seed Gen. This narrative illustrates a truth so frequently suggested in the Old Testament, namely, that the Lord, not man, is in control of the destiny of nations. Jehovah rules in the kingdoms of men and disposes of them according to his divine standard cf. Nineveh was given forty days to repent.

As a result, the nation was spared destruction for about a century and a half. Later, however, when Assyria degenerated again, she was destroyed and the prophet, Nahum, addresses this very matter. Nineveh fell to the Babylonians in B. Jehovah looked down upon Nineveh and observed the wickedness of these people Jon. Since sin is the transgression of divine law 1 Jn. The whole purpose of this novel concept, of course, is to justify adulterous relationships within the family of God!

10 Great Lessons from the Book of Jonah

This record reveals the power inherent within the word of God when such comes into contact with honest and good hearts cf. Again, some critics have faulted the divine account at this point, claiming that so trifling a sermon could hardly have produced the results described. Besides that, historical records reveal that the notable city had suffered severe plagues in and B.

This instructive account, together with the inspired New Testament commentary which discusses it, underscores an important dimension to repentance. Thus, repentance is not, as some allege, a mere sorrow for sin. Rather, it requires turning away from evil conduct. Moreover, this passage reveals that repentance is a work , and since repentance is essential to salvation Lk. An intriguing passage in the book of Jonah illustrates a vital point about the punishment of the wicked after death. The Hebrew term is Sheol. Here it denotes the abode of the wicked prior to the Judgement.