Thailand's export prospects look gloomy this year amid weak global demand and the US-China trade spat. The leader of new economic team of the Democrat Party believes specialist skills will be key to securing upturn. Other Services. Japan heat wave sparks Olympic fears 2. Japan heat wave sparks Olympic fears. Electrical fans are seen during a heat wave, at the construction site of the New National Stadium, the main stadium of the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics, during a media opportunity in Tokyo, Japan July 18, Reuters photo.
When Tokyo first hosted the Games in they were held in October.
Keywords Japan Tokyo Olympics heat. Do you like the content of this article? Big guns Buriram, Port suffer defeats. Park claims share of lead in Arkansas.
2018's global heat wave is so pervasive it's surprising scientists
Swiss women's football team player missing after swimming accident. Residential central air-conditioning units now had to score at least 10 on a scale known as SEER —the seasonal energy-efficiency ratio. Nor is this a classic regulatory battle that pits corporate against consumer interests.
But the second-largest manufacturer, Goodman which makes Amana air-conditioners , is in favor of The Bush decision is really about politics, and the White House felt free to roll back the Clinton standard because most of the time the difference between the two standards is negligible. There is one exception, however: heat waves. Air-conditioning is, of course, the reason that electrical consumption soars on very hot days. On the worst day in August, electricity consumption in, say, Manhattan might be three or four times what it is on a cool spring day.
For most of the year, a local utility can use the electricity from its own power plants, or sign stable, long-term contracts with other power companies.
But the extra electricity a city needs on that handful of very hot days presents a problem. The amount of power that a utility has to buy for that handful of hot days every summer, in other words, is a huge factor in the size of our electric bills. For anyone wanting to make electricity cheaper, then, the crucial issue is not how to reduce average electrical consumption but how to reduce peak consumption. A recent study estimates that moving the SEER standard from 10 to 13 would have the effect of cutting peak demand by the equivalent of more than a hundred and fifty power plants.
The cost of those extra power plants—and of running a less efficient air-conditioner on hot days—is part of what will make air-conditioning less affordable for people who will someday desperately need it. TSS consists of a series of giant transformers—twenty feet high and fifteen feet across—that help convert the high-voltage electricity that comes into Chicago along power lines into the low-voltage power that is used in offices and homes. Throughout that Friday afternoon, the four transformers in the second terminal at TSS were running at a hundred and eighteen per cent of capacity—that is, they were handling roughly a fifth more electricity than they were designed to carry.
The chief side effect of overcapacity is heat. The more current you run through a transformer the hotter it gets, and, combined with the ambient temperature that afternoon, which averaged a hundred and eleven degrees, the heat turned the inside of terminal two into an oven. At P. It tripped and shut down. The current that had been shared by four transformers had to be carried by just three, making them still hotter.
The second transformer was now carrying a hundred and twenty-four per cent of its rated capacity. Fifty-one minutes later, a circuit breaker on the second transformer burst into flames. Transformers are engineered to handle extra loads for short periods of time, but there was just a little too much current and a little too much heat.
At , two more CTs tripped on the third transformer and, as workmen struggled to get the terminal up and running, a CT failed on the fourth transformer.
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All around the city that week, between Wednesday and Sunday, there were 1, separate equipment failures that left an additional hundred and forty-nine thousand customers without power. Those are staggering numbers. But what is really staggering is how easy it would have been to avoid these power outages.
The actual high, on the Friday of the heat wave, was 19, The difference, in other words, between the demand that the utility was prepared to handle and the demand that brought the city to its knees was six hundred and one megawatts, or 3. In , a storm near Palm Beach, Florida, killed almost two thousand people, most of them black migrant workers on the shores of Lake Okeechobee.
About four hundred people died. In , an earthen dam put up by a mining company in Logan County, West Virginia, collapsed in heavy rains, killing a hundred and thirty-nine people. In , a series of twisters swept across ten states, killing three hundred and fifteen people. This is the way we have thought of catastrophes in the United States.
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Political systems and social institutions ought to be judged the way utilities are judged. The true test is how they perform on a blistering day in July.
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Klinenberg tells the story of Pauline Jankowitz, an elderly woman living alone in a third-floor apartment in a transitional neighborhood. She had a bladder problem that left her incontinent, and she had to walk with a crutch because she had a weak leg. That made it difficult for her to get down the stairs, and once she was outside she was terrified of being mugged. She left her apartment only about six times a year. A friend had told her to leave her apartment if it got too hot; so, early on what would turn out to be the worst of the seven days, she rose and crept down the stairs.
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She caught a city bus to a nearby store, which was air-conditioned, and there she bought fresh cherries and leaned on the shopping cart until she recovered her strength. She telephoned a friend. She turned a fan on high, lay down on the floor, covered herself with wet towels, and dreamed that she was on a Caribbean cruise. She was poor and old and infirm, but she lived, and one of the many lessons of her story is that in order to survive that week in July she suddenly depended on services and supports that previously she had barely needed at all.
Her old air-conditioner was useless most of the time. But that week it helped to keep her apartment at least habitable. She rarely travelled. But on that day the fact that there was a city bus, and that it came promptly and that it was air-conditioned, was of the greatest importance. She rarely went to the store; she had her groceries delivered.
But now the proximity of a supermarket, where she could lean on the shopping cart and breathe in the cool air, was critical. On the hottest of all days, her neighborhood substation did not fail.
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Her bus came. Her grocery store was open. She was one of the lucky ones. Here is one for a seventy-three-year-old white woman who was found on Monday, July 17th: A recluse for 10 yrs, never left apartment, found today by son, apparently DOA. Recommended Stories. Sign in.