Your Fox Terrier will always be on the job of guarding your home and family. With their outgoing, self-assured personalities, Fox Terriers can get into lots of mischief, including raiding the kitchen table and breaking out of the yard. They love toys and balls, and many adore playing in the water.
A decorated breed takes high honors in Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
While Fox Terrier puppies are difficult to resist, be aware that when grown, they'll need a lot of attention and stimulation to keep them out of trouble. If you can stay a step or two ahead of them, though, they're lively and long-lived companions. Fox Terriers have a lot of history behind them. They've been companions to kings, entertained the masses in circuses and film, and won more Best-in-Show awards at the Westminster Kennel Club show than any other breed. When fox hunting became popular in England in the late 18th century, hunters quickly discovered that they needed a dog that could "go to ground" enter foxes' dens and "bolt" the foxes to drive them out of their hiding places.
And so the Smooth Fox Terrier was developed. While breeders didn't keep many records about the development of the breed, it's likely that the original Smooth Fox Terriers were a blend of black and tan terriers with smooth coats, Bull Terriers , Greyhounds , and Beagles. In , a Colonel Thornton had a portrait painted of his dog Pitch, a Smooth Fox Terrier, which gives us an idea of what the early dogs looked like. They've changed little since then. Well-known Smooths of the 19th century who contributed to the breed's development were Old Jock, born in at Grove Kennel in England, and Belgrave Joe.
By the late 19th century, uniform type had been established. For many years, Smooths and Wires were considered one breed of two varieties. Their main difference is coat type and, to some extent, head shape. Despite their similarities in size, shape and temperament, they likely had different ancestry. Wires are thought to have descended from rough-coated black and tan terriers from Wales, Derbyshire, and Durham. Early breeders liberally crossed Wire Fox Terriers with Smooths to give the Wires more white pigmentation, a cleaner-cut head, and a more classical outline. This interbreeding no longer continues, however, and has not for many years.
Smooth Fox Terriers entered the show ring about 15 to 20 years before Wire Fox Terriers, and at first they were classified with sporting dogs. England's Fox Terrier Club was founded in The members drew up a breed standard that remained unchanged for decades, with the exception of reducing the weight of a male dog in show condition from 20 pounds to 18 pounds. He wore a collar with the inscription "I am Caesar. I belong to the King.
The first records of Smooth Fox Terriers being imported to the U. The American Fox Terrier Club, the parent club of the breed in this country, was founded in and has the distinction of being the first specialty club to become a member of the American Kennel Club. The AFTC adopted the English breed standard when it was formed, and it wasn't until a century later that separate standards for the two breeds went into effect.
They are still quite similar in their descriptions. In the s, the Smooth Fox Terrier became one of the most recognized of purebred dogs when RCA used in its logo a picture of a Smooth Fox Terrier named Nipper, head cocked, listening to a record machine. Wire Fox Terriers became popular as family pets in the s, when a film series called The Thin Man was created.
A Wire Fox Terrier named Asta was a regular in the show, and the popularity of the breed soared. Wire and Smooth Fox Terriers are uncommon breeds, ranking 78th and nd among the breeds and varieties registered by the AKC. While they might not be seen frequently in homes, they are stars in the show ring, with Wire Fox Terriers carrying off 13 Best-in-Show awards at Westminster and Smooths four, making them together the winningest breeds there.
Male Fox Terriers are no taller than Females are proportionately smaller and weigh 15 to 17 pounds. These dogs are alert, lively, and smart. They're also prone to mischief, being charming but sly. A Fox Terrier can outwit you, yet leave you laughing at his antics. Their vigilant nature makes them excellent watchdogs, but it also means they tend to be nuisance barkers.
Outgoing and inquisitive, Fox Terriers are friendly toward people but don't hesitate pick a fight with other dogs. That means they're not great candidates for the dog park. Socialization helps ensure that your Fox Terrier puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog. Fox Terriers are a hardy breed in general, with no major health concerns.
However, some dogs are affected by the following conditions.
Not all Fox Terriers will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. If you're buying a puppy , find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Health clearances prove that a dog's been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. Because some health problems don't appear until a dog reaches full maturity, health clearances aren't issued to dogs younger than 2 years old.
Look for a breeder who doesn't breed her dogs until they're two or three years old. Just because he's small doesn't mean the Fox Terrier is suited to apartment life. He really needs a securely fenced yard think Fort Knox where he can run off all that energy during the day. And don't count on an underground electronic fence to keep your Fox Terrier in the yard.
Keep your Fox Terrier on leash when in unfenced areas. He has a strong hunting instinct and will chase anything that moves. He will also try to pick fights with other dogs, so he's not a good candidate for visiting dog parks. Early socialization is important to help prevent aggression toward other dogs. Give your Fox Terrier at least 30 to 45 minutes of vigorous exercise daily, as well as plenty of off-leash play in the yard to keep him tired and out of trouble.
Although they're highly intelligent, they're also willful, so Fox Terriers can be challenging to train. Be patient and keep your sense of humor handy. They thrive on consistency and routine, so providing clear rules and enforcing them in a firm and positive way will produce the most progress. Once you've unlocked the secret to motivating them, they can learn anything you can teach.
Recommended daily amount: 1. How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age , build, metabolism, and activity level.
The Fox Terrier | Modern Dog magazine
Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. Keep your Fox Terrier in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. If you're unsure whether he's overweight , give him the eye test and the hands-on test. First, look down at him.
You should be able to see a waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with the fingers spread downward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise. For more on feeding your Fox Terrier, see our guidelines for buying the right food , feeding your puppy , and feeding your adult dog.
Smooth Fox Terriers have smooth, hard, dense coats that shed very little. The coat can be crinkly or have a slight wave. The hair should be so dense that you can't part it with your fingers to see the skin. At the base of these stiff hairs is the undercoat, which is short, fine, and soft. White was a prized color in both Smooth and Wire Fox Terriers, because it made it easier to spot the dogs when hunting.
They can have black, tan, or black and tan markings. Like most terriers, the Wire Fox requires a good bit of exercise. Long walks with his owner, chasing a tennis ball in the backyard, or playtime in a large, securely fenced area are all great ways to exercise your dog and keep him mentally and physically fit. Never allow your Wire Fox Terrier to run off lead, as he is likely to forget all training if he catches sight of a small animal he perceives as prey.
Training the Wire Fox Terrier requires consistency, patience, and a great sense of humor. Spunky and happy-go-lucky little dogs, Wires are very smart but are also somewhat independent and get bored easily, so training sessions must be kept fun and interesting. They react well to positive training methods and will shut down if treated harshly.
Wires are wonderfully suited for participation in earthdog trials as well as other performance events that require agility, speed, and intelligence. Fox Terriers as we know them today took shape in the late s, during the heyday of British foxhunts. Fox Terrier coats are mostly white, with no red allowed, to avoid being mistaken for foxes during a hunt. The Wire has always been a consistently successful show dog, with, at this writing, a record 13 Westminster Kennel Club Bests in Show.
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Wire Fox Terrier. BODY Neck should be clean, muscular, of fair length, free from throatiness and presenting a graceful curve when viewed from the side. COAT The best coats appear to be broken, the hairs having a tendency to twist, and are of dense, wiry texture — like coconut matting — the hairs growing so closely and strongly together that, when parted with the fingers, the skin cannot be seen.
Full Breed Standard. Breed Standard Other Breeds to Explore. About the Wire Fox Terrier The Wire Fox Terrier, 16 to 18 pounds of coiled energy, is a sturdy, symmetrical, short-backed hunter with fire and intelligence shining in its dark, round eyes. National Breed Clubs and Rescue Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
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Wire Fox Terrier
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