It arises from our tribal nature and is very difficult to change. Holistic preventive medicine focuses on the whole person. How you treat your body affects your overall health and wellness for years to come. However, there are options that may allow more plants in the diet. Common treatments for depression range from medications to newer therapies such as TMS to natural supplements.
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Women's Health. Brian J. Flynn, MD - June 23, 1. Myths abound about acne but science shows it's a chronic inflammatory condition affecting hair follicles and oil glands. Effective treatments are available. Most people don't know what is involved in egg freezing. Before pursuing this path to a delayed pregnancy, consider a discussion with a fertility expert. The Eleventh Doctor later claimed to the Ponds that he was 1, years old TV : A Town Called Mercy but clarified to Clara Oswald that he'd lived so long he'd forgotten whether or not he was lying about his age.
TV : Deep Breath. The Twelfth Doctor spent approximately four and a half billion years TV : Hell Bent trapped inside his confession dial in an energy loop. In each loop, the Doctor would die, providing energy to a teleporter which would "print" another copy of himself as he was when he first arrived.
Although this kept his body from ageing, he claimed to remember the living through every single version of the loop. Romana I once caught the Fourth Doctor "rounding down" his age, TV : The Ribos Operation while the Eighth Doctor once flatly admitted that he didn't necessarily use the same definition of the word year each time he gave his age to someone, usually changing his age depending where he was in the universe. The Eleventh Doctor once told Solomon that he was probably a Sagittarius.
TV : Dinosaurs on a Spaceship. Proper references to the Doctor's father and mother are to be made. The Doctor's familial relations were unclear at best. According to one account, the Doctor was one of the forty-five cousins created by the Loom of the House of Lungbarrow on Gallifrey. The Thirteenth Doctor recalled once having had sisters , TV : Arachnids in the UK though another account indicated the Doctor never had an older sister.
The Doctor had at least one brother, Irving Braxiatel [ source needed ] , who became an associate of the Doctor's companion Bernice Summerfield. At the Doctor's wedding to Scarlette in the post-War universe , the Man with the Rosette sat at the table reserved for the Doctor's family.
The Tenth Doctor told Sally Sparrow that he was "rubbish at weddings, especially [his] own". TV : Death in Heaven. John Who, and Gillian Who. Some accounts referred to Susan as " the Other 's" granddaughter. At one point, the Doctor became the adoptive father to a female Time Lord named Miranda Dawkins , whom the Eighth Doctor reared until her mid-teens.
Much of the Doctor's family died or went missing. Genetic material from the Doctor in their tenth incarnation was used to create a daughter, Jenny , via progenation. Before she could join him, however, she was shot by General Cobb. The Doctor believed Jenny to have died, and departed. TV : The Doctor's Daughter Unbeknownst to him, she survived and set out on her own life of adventure. When the Earth was relocated to the Medusa Cascade , an instantaneous biological meta-crisis was created; this meta-crisis Doctor was later was exiled by the Time Lord to an alternate universe.
Technically, the meta-crisis could be considered a relative of the Doctor's. Sarah Jane Smith referred to the Doctor's companions as his family, saying, "You act like such a lonely man, but you've got the biggest family on Earth! The First Doctor was accidentally engaged to Cameca in the 15th century. TV : The Aztecs. After Gallifrey was destroyed in the War in Heaven , the Eighth Doctor married Scarlette in order to ceremonially tie himself to the planet Earth. The Tenth Doctor romanced and later married Elizabeth I. TV : Blink In his eleventh incarnation , the Doctor accidentally became engaged to Marilyn Monroe , and married her the same night in what he later claimed was not a real chapel.
TV : A Christmas Carol.
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River Song often hinted that she and the Doctor had a physical relationship somewhere in her past and his future relative to the Eleventh Doctor's encounter with the Silence in Florida. They repeatedly referred to each other as husband and wife after the ceremony. According to Clara Oswald , by the time of the Doctor's twelfth incarnation , he had been "married four times, all deceased". The Ninth Doctor said he could speak five billion languages.
The Doctor once retorted to Rose that "lots of planets have a north". TV : Doctor Who. TV : Under the Lake The Tenth Doctor claimed to never have learnt to speak Welsh but did carry a pocket Gallifreyan -Cymraeg phrasebook on at least one occasion when he visited Arcopolis.
Having broken the Time Lords' non-interference policy , the Second Doctor was put on trial as a renegade.
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TV : The Three Doctors. The Fourth Doctor , as part of a ploy to outwit invaders of Gallifrey, was a candidate for the position of Lord President of the Supreme Council. TV : The Five Doctors Prior to the Sixth Doctor 's trial, he was deposed in absentia and put on trial for breaking the non-interference policy and later in the same trial, for genocide. The validity of the trial was called into question when it was discovered it had been orchestrated by an evil future manifestation of the Doctor, the Valeyard , and mooted.
However, due to the Doctor's efforts to save Gallifrey and the Time Lords, they seemed to forgive his actions. TV : The Day of the Doctor During the Siege of Trenzalore , when the Eleventh Doctor was on the verge of his final death, the Time Lords responded to Clara Oswald 's plea to help him, a plea in which she stated that after all he'd done he'd earned their help and if they loved him, which they should, then to help.
In this instance, the Time Lords saved the Doctor by giving him a new regeneration cycle TV : The Time of the Doctor rather than letting him die permanently as had happened in an alternate timeline. However, the Gallifreyan military hailed him as the man who ended the Time War and also respected him for his reputation during the Time War as someone who didn't need to go into battle armed to win and sided with him. Rassilon's own firing squad, the General and a squadron of military ships backed the Doctor against Rassilon who was overthrown and exiled from Gallifrey along with the High Council.
TV : Hell Bent. The Doctor's influence on the universe was seen most notably while in River Song's World : desperate to save the Doctor from his impending death, River Song built a timey-wimey distress beacon telling all of time and space that the Eleventh Doctor was dying and needed their help, causing the entire universe to reply that they would help. River told the Doctor that his impact on the universe was so profound that if he ever needed its help, he just had to ask.
This was also shown in how the crew of the Teselecta , though formerly enemies of the Doctor, were willing to aid him in any way they could and kept his secret of being alive from the rest of the universe despite their past, just because he asked them to. TV : The Wedding of River Song By the time the Vashta Nerada took over the Library , the Doctor was so well known he was in the Library's books and whatever they read there scared the Vashta Nerada who the Tenth Doctor didn't think could be stopped enough that they agreed to his demands.
River Song also stated that she believed that "all the skies of all the worlds might just turn dark" if the Doctor ever gave up on helping people. TV : Forest of the Dead Nardole told the Twelfth Doctor that, if he died, "everybody in the universe might just go cold". TV : Twice Upon a Time. When the Great Intelligence changed time so that the Doctor's victories were negated, Madame Vastra said that the universe was going to be a much darker place without him and entire star systems were shown disappearing as a result of his victories being negated.
When the apparently unstoppable Darkness started approaching, Rose Tyler was sure the only one who could stop it was the Doctor, stating that they needed him "more than ever" to stop this reality-threatening event, although she later realised that both the Doctor and Donna together were needed. TV : Turn Left During the Last Great Time War, when the Eighth Doctor died during a spaceship crash, the Sisterhood of Karn resurrected him and offered to help him control his regeneration precisely because they believed only the Doctor could stop a war that threatened the existence of the entire universe.
Ohila told the Doctor specifically that he was the universe's last hope and indicated that if he took on a more active role in the Time War, which he had avoided doing up to that point, it could be stopped without everything being destroyed. TV : The Night of the Doctor. Perhaps the Doctor's greatest influence was on their companions, who were inspired by the Time Lord to fight injustice and help those in need. While talking with the First Doctor , a glass avatar of Bill Potts learned that he had originally started travelling in hopes of finding an answer to how despite overwhelming odds, good always triumphs over evil in the universe.
Bill suggested that it was "some bloke", "wandering around, putting everything right when it goes wrong". The First Doctor expressed doubt over this theory, not realising that Bill was referring to the Doctor himself. Bill understood that the Doctor could not see his own impact on the universe, on everyone who ever met him though she knew everyone else could see it.
The Twelfth Doctor told his predecessor that "our lives are woven throughout time and space," and the two of them trying to die twice in the same lifetime was enough to cause an error in the timeline. PROSE : Unnatural History Sometimes, the Doctor believed they had been woven from a loom , and sometimes they believed there had been a mother and father.
While in bed inside a barn and crying over not wishing to join the army, a young First Doctor heard Clara Oswald assuring him that it was all just a dream, that it was OK to be afraid of the dark and that "if you're very wise and very strong, fear doesn't have to make you cruel or cowardly". TV : Listen This was an ontological paradox from when the Doctor's tenth incarnation told Clara about the promise he made about the Doctor being "never cruel or cowardly", which the Doctor had originally heard from Clara as a child.
Murray Gold and Russell T Davies answered questions during the interval and Daleks and Cybermen appeared whilst music from their stories was played. The BBC Philharmonic and the London Philharmonic Choir performed Murray Gold's compositions for the series, conducted by Ben Foster, as well as a selection of classics based on the theme of space and time.
The event was presented by Freema Agyeman and guest-presented by various other stars of the show with numerous monsters participating in the proceedings. On 26 June , producer Chris Chibnall announced that the musical score for the eleventh series would be provided by Royal Birmingham Conservatoire alumnus Segun Akinola. Six soundtrack releases have been released since The first featured tracks from the first two series,  the second and third featured music from the third and fourth series respectively.
The fourth was released on 4 October as a two disc special edition and contained music from the — specials The Next Doctor to End of Time Part 2. In , a 50th-anniversary boxed set of audio CDs was released featuring music and sound effects from Doctor Who's year history. The company pressed 1, copies of the set on "Metallic Silver" vinyl, dubbed the "Cyberman Edition".
Premiering the day after the assassination of John F. Kennedy , the first episode of Doctor Who was repeated with the second episode the following week. Doctor Who has always appeared initially on the BBC's mainstream BBC One channel, where it is regarded as a family show, drawing audiences of many millions of viewers; episodes were also repeated on BBC Three , before its transition to an online-only channel. The programme's popularity has waxed and waned over the decades, with three notable periods of high ratings. At the time of Season 19's broadcast in the show was being watched by a global audience of 98 million, 88 million in 38 foreign countries, and an average of ten million in the United Kingdom.
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Its late s performance of three to five million viewers was seen as poor at the time and was, according to the BBC Board of Control, a leading cause of the programme's suspension. Some fans considered this disingenuous, since the programme was scheduled against the soap opera Coronation Street , the most popular show at the time. The BBC One broadcast of " Rose ", the first episode of the revival, drew an average audience of Doctor Who has been broadcast internationally outside of the United Kingdom since , a year after the show first aired.
Only four episodes have ever had their premiere showings on channels other than BBC One.
The story Silver Nemesis was broadcast with all three episodes airing back to back on TVNZ in New Zealand in November, after the first episode had been shown in the UK but before the final two instalments had aired there. New Zealand was the first country outside the United Kingdom to screen Doctor Who , beginning in September , and continued to screen the series for many years, including the new series from In Australia , the show has had a strong fan base since its inception, having been exclusively first run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC since January See Doctor Who in Australia The ABC has periodically repeated episodes; of note were the weekly screenings of all available classic episodes starting in , for the show's 40th anniversary, and the weekdaily screenings of all available revived episodes in for the show's 50th anniversary.
The series also has a fan base in the United States, where it was shown in syndication from the s to the s, particularly on PBS stations. TVOntario picked up the show in beginning with The Three Doctors and aired each series several years late through to series 24 in From to , TVO airings were bookended by science-fiction writer Judith Merril who would introduce the episode and then, after the episode concluded, try to place it in an educational context in keeping with TVO's status as an educational channel.
Its airing of The Talons of Weng-Chiang was cancelled as a result of accusations that the story was racist ; the story was later broadcast in the s on cable station YTV. CBC began showing the series again in The series moved to the Canadian cable channel Space in For the Canadian broadcast, Christopher Eccleston recorded special video introductions for each episode including a trivia question as part of a viewer contest and excerpts from the Doctor Who Confidential documentary were played over the closing credits; for the broadcast of " The Christmas Invasion " on 26 December , Billie Piper recorded a special video introduction.
Eight original series serials have been released on Laserdisc  and many have also been released on Betamax tape and Video Only the series from onwards are also available on Blu-ray , except for the story Spearhead from Space , released in July and the TV film Doctor Who released in September There are two Dr. Who [ sic ] feature films: Dr. Both are retellings of existing television stories specifically, the first two Dalek serials, The Daleks and The Dalek Invasion of Earth respectively with a larger budget and alterations to the series concept.
In these films, Peter Cushing plays a human scientist  named "Dr. Who", who travels with his granddaughter and niece and other companions in a time machine he has invented. The Cushing version of the character reappears in both comic strips and a short story, the latter attempting to reconcile the film continuity with that of the series.
In addition, several planned films were proposed, including a sequel, The Chase , loosely based on the original series story , for the Cushing Doctor, plus many attempted television movie and big screen productions to revive the original Doctor Who , after the original series was cancelled. Paul McGann starred in the only television film as the eighth incarnation of the Doctor.
After the film, he continued the role in audio books and was confirmed as the eighth incarnation through flashback footage and a mini episode in the revival, effectively linking the two series and the television movie. In , David Yates announced that he had started work with the BBC on a Doctor Who film, a project that would take three or more years to complete.
Yates indicated that the film would take a different approach to Doctor Who ,  although the current Doctor Who showrunner Steven Moffat stated later that any such film would not be a reboot of the series and a film should be made by the BBC team and star the current TV Doctor. Doctor Who has appeared on stage numerous times. For two performances, while Pertwee was ill, David Banks better known for playing Cybermen played the Doctor. Other original plays have been staged as amateur productions, with other actors playing the Doctor, while Terry Nation wrote The Curse of the Daleks , a stage play mounted in the late s, but without the Doctor.
A pilot episode " A Girl's Best Friend " for a potential spinoff series, K-9 and Company , was aired in with Elisabeth Sladen reprising her role as companion Sarah Jane Smith and John Leeson as the voice of K9 , but was not picked up as a regular series. Concept art for an animated Doctor Who series was produced by animation company Nelvana in the s, but the series was not produced. Following the success of the series produced by Russell T Davies, the BBC commissioned Davies to produce a part spin-off series titled Torchwood an anagram of "Doctor Who" , set in modern-day Cardiff and investigating alien activities and crime.
A second series of Torchwood aired in ; for three episodes, the cast was joined by Freema Agyeman reprising her Doctor Who role of Martha Jones. A third series was broadcast from 6 to 10 July , and consisted of a single five-part story called Children of Earth which was set largely in London. The series was predominantly set in the United States, though Wales remained part of the show's setting.
A third in featured a crossover appearance from the main show by David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. In , a further such appearance featured Matt Smith as the Eleventh Doctor alongside former companion actress Katy Manning reprising her role as Jo Grant. The serial featured the voices of series regulars David Tennant and Freema Agyeman but is not considered part of the series. Numerous other spin-off series have been created not by the BBC but by the respective owners of the characters and concepts.
Such spin-offs include the novel and audio drama series Faction Paradox , Iris Wildthyme and Bernice Summerfield ; as well as the made-for-video series P. There have been three aftershow series created, with the latest one titled Doctor Who: The Fan Show , which began airing from the tenth series. Each series follows behind-the-scenes footage on the making of Doctor Who through clips and interviews with the cast, production crew and other people, including those who have participated in the television series in some manner.
Each episode deals with a different topic, and in most cases refers to the Doctor Who episode that preceded it. In , coinciding with the series' 20th anniversary, The Five Doctors was shown as part of the annual BBC Children in Need Appeal, however it was not a charity-based production, simply scheduled within the line-up of Friday 25 November This was the programme's very first co-production with Australian broadcaster ABC.
In , for the franchise's 30th anniversary, another charity special, titled Dimensions in Time was produced for Children in Need, featuring all of the surviving actors who played the Doctor and a number of previous companions. It also featured a crossover with the soap opera EastEnders , the action taking place in the latter's Albert Square location and around Greenwich.
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The special was one of several special 3D programmes the BBC produced at the time, using a 3D system that made use of the Pulfrich effect requiring glasses with one darkened lens; the picture would look normal to those viewers who watched without the glasses. An affectionate parody of the television series, it was split into four segments, mimicking the traditional serial format, complete with cliffhangers , and running down the same corridor several times when being chased the version released on video was split into only two episodes.
During the special the Doctor is forced to regenerate several times, with his subsequent incarnations played by, in order, Richard E. The script was written by Steven Moffat , later to be head writer and executive producer to the revived series. Since the return of Doctor Who in , the franchise has produced two original "mini-episodes" to support Children in Need.
The first, aired in November , was an untitled seven-minute scene which introduced David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. A set of two mini-episodes, titled "Space" and "Time" respectively, were produced to support Comic Relief. They were aired during the Comic Relief event. During Children in Need , an exclusively filmed segment showed the Doctor addressing the viewer, attempting to persuade them to purchase items of his clothing, which were going up for auction for Children in Need.
The Doctor in his fourth incarnation has been represented on several episodes of The Simpsons  and Matt Groening 's other animated series Futurama. Davies , the character of Vince was portrayed as an avid Doctor Who fan, with references appearing many times throughout in the form of clips from the programme. In a similar manner, the character of Oliver on Coupling created and written by current show runner Steven Moffat is portrayed as a Doctor Who collector and enthusiast.
It has also be referenced in Destroy All Humans! Doctor Who has been a reference in several political cartoons, from a cartoon in the Daily Mail depicting Charles de Gaulle as a Dalek  to a edition of This Modern World by Tom Tomorrow in which the Tenth Doctor informs an incredulous character from that the Democratic Party will nominate an African-American as its presidential candidate. There have been various exhibitions of Doctor Who in the United Kingdom, including the now closed exhibitions at:.
Since its beginnings, Doctor Who has generated hundreds of products related to the show, from toys and games to collectible picture cards and postage stamps. These include board games, card games, gamebooks, computer games, roleplaying games, action figures and a pinball game. Many games have been released that feature the Daleks, including Dalek computer games. The earliest Doctor Who -related audio release was a minute narrated abridgement of the First Doctor television story The Chase released in The first commercially available audiobook was an abridged reading of the Fourth Doctor story State of Decay in In , during a hiatus in the television show, Slipback , the first radio drama, was transmitted.
Along with the main range, adventures of the First, Second and Third Doctors have been produced in both limited cast and full cast formats, as well as audiobooks. The series Destiny of the Doctor , produced as part of the series' 50th Anniversary celebrations, marked the first time Big Finish created stories in this case audiobooks featuring the Doctors from the revived show. Along with this, in May the Tenth Doctor, David Tennant, appeared alongside Cathrine Tate in a collection of three audio adventures. In addition to these main lines, both the BBC and Big Finish have produced original audio dramas and audiobooks based on spin-off material, such as Torchwood and The Sarah Jane Adventures series.
Doctor Who books have been published from the mid-sixties through to the present day. From to the books published were primarily novelised adaptations of broadcast episodes; beginning in an extensive line of original fiction was launched, the Virgin New Adventures and Virgin Missing Adventures. Since the relaunch of the programme in , a new range of novels have been published by BBC Books. Numerous non-fiction books about the series, including guidebooks and critical studies, have also been published, and a dedicated Doctor Who Magazine with newsstand circulation has been published regularly since This is published by Panini, as is the Doctor Who Adventures magazine for younger fans.
Numerous Doctor Who video games have been created from the mids through to the present day. It has been constantly updated since its release and features all of the Doctors as playable characters as well as over companions. The game and pack released in November Since the creation of the Doctor Who character by BBC Television in the early s, a myriad of stories have been published about Doctor Who , in different media: apart from the actual television episodes that continue to be produced by the BBC, there have also been novels, comics, short stories, audio books, radio plays, interactive video games, game books, webcasts, DVD extras, and stage performances.
The BBC takes no position on the canonicity of any of such stories, and producers of the show have expressed distaste for the idea of canonicity. The show has received recognition as one of Britain's finest television programmes, winning the British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series and five consecutive — awards at the National Television Awards during Russell T Davies ' tenure as executive producer. In , the Peabody Awards honoured Doctor Who with an Institutional Peabody "for evolving with technology and the times like nothing else in the known television universe. Also, in the Greatest Kids' TV shows a Channel 4 countdown in , the — run was placed at number eight.
The revived series has received recognition from critics and the public, across various awards ceremonies. Doctor Who has been nominated for over awards and has won over a hundred of them. As a British series, the majority of its nominations and awards have been for national competitions such as the BAFTAs, but it has occasionally received nominations in mainstream American awards, most notably a nomination for "Favorite Sci-Fi Show" in the People's Choice Awards and the series has been nominated multiple times in the Spike Scream Awards , with Smith winning Best Science Fiction Actor in The Canadian Constellation Awards have also recognised the series.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the television series. For other uses, see Doctor Who disambiguation. British science fiction TV series. Sydney Newman C. Webber Donald Wilson. Ron Grainer. BBC One —pres. Mono —87 Stereo — 5. Main article: History of Doctor Who. Main article: Doctor Who missing episodes. See also: List of Doctor Who cast members. Main article: The Doctor Doctor Who. Main article: Regeneration Doctor Who. See also: The Doctor: Inconsistencies. Main article: Companion Doctor Who. Main article: Dalek. Main article: Cyberman.
Main article: The Master Doctor Who.
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See also: List of Doctor Who composers. Main article: Doctor Who theme music. Doctor Who theme excerpt. An excerpt from the original classic theme music to Doctor Who. Main article: List of music featured on Doctor Who. See also: List of Doctor Who music releases. Main article: Doctor Who fandom. Main article: List of Doctor Who home video releases. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. June Main article: Dr. Who Dalek films. Main article: Doctor Who spin-offs.
Main article: Doctor Who spoofs. Main article: Doctor Who exhibitions. Main article: Doctor Who merchandise. See also: List of Doctor Who novelists. See also: Category:Video games based on Doctor Who. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Doctor Who. Some reference works such as The Complete Encyclopedia of Television Programs — by Vincent Terrace erroneously credit Terry Nation with creating Doctor Who , because of the way his name is credited in the two Peter Cushing films.
Retrieved 2 January The Economist. Retrieved 18 September A Portrait of England". Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 10 November The Times. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 1 July It's quintessential to being British. Doctor Who Confidential. The Guardian. Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 24 October London: BBC Books. Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 6 March Archived from the original on 1 June Surrey: Telos Publishing Ltd. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 21 March Museum of Broadcast Communications.
Archived from the original on 11 February The official fans have never amounted to more than a fraction of the audience. Doctor Who achieved the status of an institution as well as a cult. BBC News. Retrieved 6 July The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July It united fear and soft furnishings in the British mind. Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 31 July UK Patent Office. Retrieved 27 October UK Patent Office website. Retrieved 17 January Knight, Mike. Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 7 July The Observer. Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 4 January Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 4 August Radio Times.
Retrieved 5 August The Herald.